This is a promising form of treatment for patients with MS as well as other autoimmune diseases. It stands for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and is a process by which hematopoietic (blood cell-producing) stem cells, which are collected from a person’s own bone marrow or blood, are stored, and then the rest of the individual\s immune cells are depleted by chemotherapy. The stored hematopoietic stem cells are then reintroduced to the body, essentially rebuilding the immune system.

This treatment is very promising however it does have a mortality rate of 4%.

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